ENHANCING EFFICIENCY AND SUSTAINABILITY OF ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING THROUGH CLIMATE SMART ACTIONS
The project is aligned with the Africa Mining Vision (AMV) which recognises Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) as an important sector for socio-economic development. The AMV articulates the need to formalize ASM and upscale programmes to upgrade knowledge, skills and technology in the ASM sector; mainstream ASM into poverty reduction strategies; ensure gender equality; eliminate child labour; stimulate partnership with government and large-scale mining to facilitate access to technology, skills, knowledge and markets; and strengthen ASM associations.
2. The specific objectives of this project are also aligned with the National Development Priorities, especially strategies to create decent employment through leveraging the mineral resource endowments in the three respective countries for socio-economic development, as follows:
The current medium-term National Development Plan NDP (2019-2023) is Government’s strategic framework which places significant emphasis on leveraging Sierra Leone’s mineral resources to promote socio-economic development. The Plan feeds into the country’s long-term vision 2035 to achieve middle-income status by 2035. The NDP comprises the following clusters i) Human Capital Development; ii) Economic diversification and growth promotion; iii) Infrastructure and economic competitiveness; iv) Governance and accountability for results; v) Empowering women, children, adolescents and persons with disabilities; vi) Youth employment, sports and migration; and vii) Addressing vulnerabilities and building resilience.
The Project includes the following components
Component 1: Support Formalisation of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining
In line with the national development strategies of the beneficiary countries, ASM has been identified as a sector with potential source of employment and also contribute to the socio-economic development of rural communities who have less economic alternatives besides engaging in agro-allied enterprises. Among others, the Project will;
i help promote and support sustainable mining practices;
ii support mining cooperatives; improve environmental conditions in mining communities;
iii train small-scale miners in efficient extraction processes and promote gender equality & social inclusion in mining communities.
Currently, most of mine workers are men; gender related information on the role of women in ASM is scarce. This component will also implement a strategy to potentially increase the role of women in the ASM sector.
Component 2 – Capacity Building of Mining Sector Regulatory Institutions
The project intends to build the capacity of mining sector regulatory institutions to enforce the policy, legal and regulatory frameworks. The institutions include: Ministry of Mines and Mineral Resources, and the National Mineral Agency.
The mining sector institutions will also be supported to improve data collection to inform policy responses aimed at addressing natural resource conflicts. This will involve purchasing Geographic Information System (GIS) based software, tablets, Global Positioning Systems and other field accessories.
Activities under this component include:
i Needs Assessment of regulatory institutions;
ii Capacity Building and Competency Certification of state regulators in the mining industry;
iii Develop Real Time Reporting System to improve Data Collection and Analyses to inform rapid policy responses; and
iv Study tours to relatively more developed mining countries such as Ghana, Tanzania and Botswana to exchange experience
Component 3: Project Coordination and Management
This component will involve the provision of institutional/management support to executing agencies, supervision of project activities and outcomes. The Bank will hold bi-annual supervision missions and AfDB country/field office in Freetown will be part of the project’s technical committee.